【First Aid and Beauty Care】
Autumn is the best time for outings. However, when facing accidents and injuries, we must stay calm.
I have assembled some tips from many case studies. Hopefully, a brief note here can help you get prepared for a peaceful mind to deal with emergencies.
First of all, in times of troubles when you are sought for help, put down everything in a safe place, then, respond to the SOS. Holiday hikes alone should be avoided for health and safety reasons. No matter what, always gather at least three companions as a group while you plan your trips.
Secondly, do not attempt to approach someone who is about to fall! Always observe carefully in three directions, risk, resources and reasonable assessment of injuries. Only when you have calmed down that you are in shape to call 112.
Thirdly, allow the injured companion to adjust his/ her posture prior to offering assistance. This is necessary to identify alignment and mobility impairments that indicate fractures or other serious issues. Once you begin the first aid process, disinfect every first aid kit with alcohol, and finally disinfect your hands before any cleaning and fixtures on open wounds.
Next, only after preparations have been completed that you may touch the injured. Please try to disinfect your hands again if you suspect materials that have not been cleaned contaminate your hands. Try to have running disinfectant fluid passing the wounds without rubbing. Moreover, do not cause cross-contamination by touching one wound after another in any back and forth manners.
After that, if you do not have any germ-free covering pads to protect the wounds, it is best to leave them in open air unless compression is needed to quench non-stop bleeding.
Finally, bearing in minds that skin care products are not sterilized, they are not suitable for open wounds. Only medical grade products, such as NMF hydrogels, lipids substituents, honey, silver complex, siloxanes etc. are proper for healing. Without these chemical support, keeping the wounds clean by disinfecting with chlorhexidine, isopropyl alcohol and normal saline will be better than not doing anything. Disinfecting twice a day and covering up the wounds is essential. Topical antibiotics are quite effective in controlling local scabbing if this is an available option.
Some may be interested in apply heparinoids to control bruises. However, we have to understand that bruises are signs of important blood clotting processes taking place. Please ensure that the wounds are stable prior to application, preferably 3 more days after the incident. Otherwise, once blood vessels are unblocked, pain chemicals will be flowing against nerve endings to cause more pain.
For aesthetic purpose, application of scar products is pretty neat routines for wound care. As soon as the corny layer has covered up the wound thinly, using these products can ensure normal skin texture can be restored to the best possible condition.